Full name: The Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Total Area: 1,030,700 km²

Coastal area: 754 km

Population: 3.4 million (2013)

Capital: Nouakchott

Other major Cities: Nouadhibou, Historical city of Chinguetti

Languages: Arabic (official), French widely used in business, recognised national languages: Pular, Soninké and Wolof

Religion: Islam

Main exports: Fish and fish products, iron ore, cooper, gold, Oil& Gas

Internet domain: .mr

International dialling code: +222

Airports: International airport of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou.

Type of Government: Republic

Member of UN since 27 October 1961

Member of the Arab League

Currency: Ouguiya

President: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz since 05 August 2009

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz

Economic Indicators:

GDP Growth Rate (2013): 6.4%

Inflation rate (2011) 6.5%